Bangladesh ranks 117 among 128 countries, advanced 12 points from last year’s 129, in the 2016 edition of Global Innovation Index, an annual ranking of most innovative countries in the world jointly published by Cornell University, INSEAD, and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
In Central and Southern Asia region, under which Bangladesh falls, India leads (66th) followed by Kazakhstan (75th), the Islamic Republic of Iran (78th), Tajikistan (86th), Sri Lanka (91st), and Bhutan (96th).
Switzerland tops the Index followed by Sweden, UK, USA, Finland, and Singapore.
The report looks at 82 data tables for indicators from over 30 international public and private sources, of which 58 are hard data, 19 composite indicators, and 5 survey questions. And publishes 128 country profiles, including data, ranks and strengths and weaknesses on 82 indicators.
The GII 2016, themed ‘winning with global innovation’ is calculated as the average of two sub-indices. The Innovation Input Sub-Index gauges elements of the national economy which embody innovative activities grouped in five pillars: (1) Institutions, (2) Human capital and research, (3) Infrastructure, (4) Market sophistication, and (5) Business sophistication. The Innovation Output Sub-Index captures actual evidence of innovation results, divided in two pillars: (6) Knowledge and technology outputs and (7) Creative outputs.
Launched in 2007, the index helps business executives, policy makers and others seeking insight into the state of innovation around the world. The core of the Report consists of a ranking of world economies’ innovation capabilities and results.